THE PITBULL THEORY

Big Kid Uncategorized

Life is a similar  concept as the pitbull  on a leash.

 

The pitbull exerts energy and wastes time trying to pull against his chain when he sees what he  perceives to be a threat or his prey. He knows the chain wont break, he knows he will injure his neck and fall tired, yet he allows himself to extend meaningless energy.

 

Much as life is for us. An idea or concept (energy) is formed, time is wasted and mental energy exerted only having thought about the idea or concept.

 

By allowing thoughts to stem and detaching from them or ‘Not Following Through’, you are wasting energy and time being as primitive as the pitbull pulling on the chain. Your thoughts know only conditioning of society and perception of what has occurred or is occurring in your life, giving you the excuse to keep exerting energy with no outcome.

 

ON THE CONTRARY

 

The trained and conditioned pitbull is the most ultimate hunting tool with no fear.

 

The pitbulls master takes him hunting among the field of ideas, the conditioned pitbull pulls as a natural instinct but once the master sets a command, he is still & waits until the leash is released.

 

what does the pitbull do once he has successfully latched on to his prey?

 

he LOCKS ON! He doesn’t let go, until his lungs give up, until his heart starts failing. The prey may be bigger than the pitbull, the pitbull may get injured during the holding process, but he accepts his job given to him by nature.

 

The pitbull holds on until the prey falls to his feet.

 

Your job is to create. To neglect that concept is to pull against a chocking chain. Through conditioning of the mind, lock onto your dreams, stop wasting time & energy. Invest your energy into your prey until you have bought it to your feet. BE THE MASTER OF YOUR PITBULL

 

-Big Kid

Gratitude Tripme Big Kid

Gratitude

Big Kid Uncategorized

The single most powerful emotion to man-kind.

Every aspect of life deserves a grateful approach. Through the emotion of gratitude will come a positive mind set.
 
Feel, act and become grateful for life and all that you have received and you will live a life of abundance.
 
For every mistake that you feel is made will come an equal effect of balance. it is o.k to view only the positives from any mistake that you feel has been made.

Release all positive feelings and aspects that we are grateful for to God or the universe in complete abundance.

“To fall is to make a motion to lay a foundation to progress from. Keep moving forward. Keep learning”.- Big Kid
 
 
 
 
 

Addiction Research – A Battle to Win

Sempai Blog, Drugs, Knowledge

I wanted to talk about addiction. I have a background in psychology. I am actually quitting smoking tomorrow, and cutting down today. I’ve been around the drug scene. Some of my friends are in various health services as well. So, it’s not just dry science to me.

Old school mentalities toward addiction include the likes of the disease model. Basically that’s like being branded in a way. You’re stuck with it. But there are many other models of recovery and addiction itself. Rational Recovery for example pits the higher mind against the animal brain – in a manner perhaps comparable to cognitive behavioural therapy.

Which leads me nicely along to the piece of research I’d like to talk about. [i]

Coked up Marsupials

Basically they got some cocaine addicted rats. Rats that would endure pain to get cocaine. Okay, so they aren’t in PETA. They targeted an area of the brain associated in humans with inhibition and decision making. By targeting this region, in the addicted rats, they reduced compulsive drug taking behaviour. Pretty cool, right?

The region targeted in rats, was half as sensitive to electrical impulses as a normal rat – the region of the brain had become underactive. It was this reduced ability for brain activity here, at least in part, that caused the rats to struggle with  their drug use. Which has some implications I’ll get to below.

If we see from this ‘higher’ versus ‘lower’ brain point of view the study examines, then is moderating, or quitting; is it simply a firm decision? A decision made with resolve because of sufficient motivations? A war against one’s impulse to ambivalence, a fight between two halves? Having fought the battle myself a few times, I know it’s not easy, but perhaps it does come down to which side has the bigger army.

Wilful choices

Another more modern line of thought is, and it’s been around a long time – that drug abuse is a form of maladaptive learning. This goes back to behavioural psychologists. But neuroscience is quickly finding this to be true. And our understanding deepens the more time passes. Patterns form quickly when our reward centres are being tickled. There’s no mystery in that at least – people do drugs because they feel good; at least for awhile.

But learning may be occurring both ways as the first study shows. If the moderating region of the brain is under activating in the addicted, perhaps we could view this as a muscle. That might explain why the first days are the hardest when moderating or quitting, and why things slowly seem to get easier as time goes on. Why some people find is easier to quit than others.

And it might offer consolation – if one does slip up, it is indeed practice makes perfect – and things should get easier. The more you try, the better you should get at it.

Changing Perspectives

Addiction was once seen as a collection of withdrawal symptoms. Now it is understood as a series of neurological conditions brought about by use of the drug – conditioning; behaviours produced by reward or suffering, and down-regulation of certain systems; parts of the brain becoming ‘worn out’ temporarily, affecting mood, energy and cognition.

While human beings, and certain other higher animals have some chance of avoiding habituated drug use once started – lower animals lack the higher functions produced by the cerebral cortex. We understand that indeed it is something in the reptile or mammalian brain, the mid or lower brain that produces addiction, and something in the cerebral cortex that can abort, or prevent it. Likely the nucleus accumbens and beta endorphins have a role, as well as certain regions in the cortex. It is a higher function override, of lower function that enables us to rise above our less intelligent base desires. And as we advance our understanding, we will get to know how this all works better.

So many factors

But as a friend of mine would quickly point out, understanding this doesn’t resolve the social, human and other environmental issues surrounding addiction. The field of recovery itself has a long way to go.

Progressing from abstinence, and other older approaches to peer based, moderation and holistic models – that factor in upbringing, trauma, social and lifestyle circumstances. People tend to use drugs to balance stress, loneliness, trauma and other factors in their lives. And that makes sense. Natural pleasures will compete with drug pleasures. If you don’t have much of one, you might seek the other more.

Because for a brain that struggles between two halves, two choices, two voices – anything that raises the one you want, or lowers the one you don’t – anything that helps gain control, can be useful. The whole person needs something to be held in that higher function somehow – a sense of hope, purpose, striving, love or goals.

Essentially one wants to ‘arm’ oneself mentally for the fight. And because I am about to embark on the whole journey myself with smoking – I trust I brought along enough mental bullets!

Hammers only see nails

Addiction therapy reminds me of mental health – the old school approach of psychiatric drugs, versus the newer recovery models and peer based therapy.  And this is where I worry about neuroscience studying addiction – every time such a study is produced, you can bet there is a big pharma company with a patent pending. They probably funded it. People studying the effects of chemicals on the brain, are going to want to push chemical solutions like salesmen selling vacuum cleaners in the 1960s.

At the same time, if this research could produce essentially a ‘willpower’ enhancing implant or drug, that would have pretty profound implications for society, and for addiction. A temporary boost might be as useful a short term therapy as benzo’s are for anxiety.

Hope

We have made some strides in understanding how addiction takes place, and some of the factors involved. But it’s worth remembering how little we know in general – we are still very much puzzling at the complexity of how things make people happy for example, and without understanding that neurologically, it’s hard to understand other things like addiction fully.

But for the addict, I see hope. Harm minimization interventions are sometimes available, such as methadone etc., e-cigs for smokers. We could see a lot more for other drugs, but it’s a start. There are growth areas in peer support, moderation methods, the use of mindfulness and more expansive approaches to addiction therapy. Maybe even a willpower enhancing therapy. We are moving beyond the disease model, and starting to listen to the neuroscientists and researchers in other areas. We have a lot of peoples hard work to thank for that. And hopefully that means better help for people struggling with addiction.

[i] https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/research-hints-new-approach-addiction

 

The final frontier: mapping out the brain

The final frontier: mapping out the brain

Neo The Mind

Whether you choose to traverse the mysteries of the mind through science or psychoactive substances, there’s no denying that the human brain is a wonderful, complex and, at times, frightening thing.

Why is mapping the brain so important?

This sentiment is shared not only amongst psychonauts, but also by many in the scientific community, who over the years have sought to unravel the mysteries of the mind by mapping out the brain into distinct regions. Developing such a map would help scientists garner a better understanding of the structure, function and connectivity of different parts of the brain, which potentially could have a major impact on the medical world and further our insight into how certain drugs interact with the human mind.

However, the accuracy of these maps has always been an issue of some debate. While modern magnetic resonance imaging methods are able to record blood flow in the brain during mental tasks, most maps have been constructed based on the results of a single type of measurement – a technique that can lead to incomplete and ambiguous conclusions.

A new piece of research promises to put an end to this dispute once and for all, with a team led by neuroscientist Matthew Glasser of Washington University Medical School recently releasing what some are dubbing ‘the ultimate brain map’.

The most detailed mapping of the human brain

The map was published on July 20 in the scientific journal Nature, and is the culmination of imaging data gathered from 210 healthy adults taking part in the Human Connectome Project. Comprised of 180 separate sections (97 of which have never before been identified) located on the outermost layer of the brain, it is the most detailed map of the human brain in existence.

How did the team manage to come up with such a precise map? Well, unlike previous studies, the researchers took a number of different metrics into account, including:

● Brain function
● Cortical thickness
● Topographic organisation of cells in brain tissue
● Myelin levels
● Connectivity between various regions of the brain

Combining these results into a single image was critical for the map’s accuracy.

“[Using multiple measurements] greatly increases confidence that they are producing the best in vivo estimates of cortical areas,” explained Thomas Yeo, a computational neuroscientist at the National University of Singapore.

For more details on the brain map, be sure to check out the following YouTube clip from Nature Video:

How will this brain map impact you?

While this map is – for now at least – the most accurate of its kind, it is important to note that it’s not a fully comprehensive depiction of the brain. In fact, as Robert Sovey, a scientist at Harvard’s Center for Biomedical Imaging explained, recording every neuron in the brain is nigh on impossible.

“No one thinks 180 is a perfect number, but it’s a powerful representation of where we are now,” stated Mr Savoy in reference to the number of sections in the brain map, as quoted by Wired.

So, it looks as though we’re still a long way off mapping out every twist and turn of the final frontier. Nevertheless, developing a stronger understanding of the mind and how different parts of the brain connect, communicate and influence each other may prove to have immense medical applications further down the line.

In addition, the detailed map may offer important clues that allow us to better comprehend how certain drugs affect the brain. For example, a study published in April in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America used neuroimaging to show the effects of LSD on the brain. It’s possible that similar studies in the future, when used in conjunction when the new brain map, may provide us with greater insight into the ongoing enigma that is the human mind.

Terpenes – the perfume of cannabis

Sempai Cannabis, Knowledge, Natural

I’m sure many of the more discerning pot smokers have noticed how the fragrant smells of cannabis hint at what the high might be like. Perhaps looking for promising fruity notes as well as that visual trichrome crystalline pop.

What you may not know is how those smells, which come from chemicals known as terpenes do actually effect the recreational and medical properties of your cannabis. Terpenes make the odorous and also psychoactive component of a wide variety of plants.

It’s a terpene that makes lavender relaxing, and a terpene that makes saffron tea a mood lifter. Terpenes drive aromatherapy. And unsurprisingly some of those fruity terpenes are found also in fruit. When combined with THC, many of these have a direct effect on the subjective high.

The terpenes in cannabis, like THC are made in the trichromes of the flowering female parts (buds). Terpenes are responsible for the complex aromas of various strains of cannabis. Simply put, they are what make cannabis have its particular intense and intoxicating smells.

While terpenes have been studied for medical effects, they are understudied in cannabis. We do know for sure that THC alone has less measurable and subjective effects than the whole plant chemical complex. I think subjectively if we compare experience with the science we have, we can have a good idea what they each do, and it is consistent and studied enough for pot smokers to consider it relatively settled.

So onto the goodies!

Chill 420

There’s a few terpenes that directly enhance THC, and provide additional relaxation. They directly influence the buzz.

Myrcene is one of the most common terpenes. It’s also present in ripe mangos, if you want a clue to what to smell for; it’s very concentrated near the skins. It’s a peculiar smell, hard to describe, but smell ripe mangos and you’ll know what I am talking about. This terpene is relaxing. It provides some analgesia and is the terpene that helps classic Indica strains create ‘couchlock’.

It’s very high in mango-y smelling strains, and in my opinion like limonene helps mitigate anxiety. However, Myrcene seems also seems to potentiate THC, making the effect stronger as well which can counter balance that a little. So it combines hard hitting, with a relaxed body buzz. Examples include White widow, Skunk #1 & Mango.

Limonene is another common terpene. It has a smell exactly like orange peels. Orange smelling strains are high in limonene. Typically, I find this to be the most anti-anxiety terpene, ideal for smokers prone to anxiety – look for the fruity smell. Limonene is mood boosting and calming, resulting in a very chill mood positive buzz – less psychedelic. Examples include Jack the Ripper, Lemon Skunk & Orange Roughy.

Linalool is another familiar smell. It’s that strange smell you get from lavender. Sort of woody and flowery like lavender. It is a powerful relaxant and will promote calming effects in cannabis. It may even reduce inflammation from smoking. The anti-anxiety effects again are ideal for lighter smokers – examples include Lavender & G-13.

Spicy and wakeful

Alpha Pinene & Beta Pinene promote wakefulness and memory retention. Piney smelling verities of cannabis are alert, active highs. These compounds slightly counter THCs effects. Ideal for blazing on a busy day. Jack Herer and Super Silver Haze are examples.

Some terpenes have no psychoactive effects like Acaryophyllene, although such compounds may also have medical effects (There are many medical effects for all terpenes, but it’s hard to know how applicable they are as a whole plant complex smoked). This terpene is peppery and woody, but is anti-inflammatory and analgesic – also found in clove. It also may be anti-depressant. In cannabis it’s found for example in Big Bang.

Now there are many more, but ones we know less and less about. And things like THC, CBN, CBD ratios make up another very significant part of the high. Higher THC makes for a more stimulating, psychedelic high (white or purple trichromes), and more CBD/CBN makes for a more physical relaxing medicinal high (orange or yellow trichromes).

But If you are to take home one thing make it this, the smell of a cannabis plant is almost like it’s fingerprint – the notes of smell in there tell you what kind of buzz you might expect. Get familiar with the smells, and you’ll know what you are dealing with better.